Who are the Guarani?

Who are the Guarani

  • Guarani Woman. Photo by Identidade e Diversidade, on Flickr The Guarani are a group of culturally-related indigenous peoples living in several different states, including Paraguay, Argentina, Brazil, Bolivia and Uruguay. The Guarani’s overall population is…
Learn more about the and other Indigenous Peoples around the world

Brazil: Guarani Eviction Order Has Been Overturned

By • Oct 31, 2012

After issuing a statement that both shocked and confused the international community, the Guarani-Kaiowá community from Pyelito Key/Mbarakay can rest easy–at least for now.

A federal judge ruled on Tuesday that the community should be allowed to remain on their ancestral land until a final decision is made on the area’s lawful owner.

Specifically, Judge Cecília Mello of the Regional Federal Tribunal of the 3rd Region stated that the community “can not be evicted from the land that they occupy because those lands are the subject of an administrative process of demarcation.”

The process of demarcating Indigenous territory, as per the 1973 Statute of the Indian, involves an extensive ethnographic and geographical survey of a land area in question, and a proposal that aims to fairly resolve any existing land disputes. Such proposals have frequently led to the eviction of non-indigenous occupants to lands, such as the case with the territorial integrity of Raposa Serra do Sol in Roraima.

Even so, the demarcation process can take decades to complete, often to the detriment of the indigenous communities who must either live in squalor alongside busy highways – or contend with private land holders and their hired guns.

Knowing this all too well, the Guarani-Kaiowá community from Pyelito Key/Mbarakay warned earlier this month that they would rather die than lose what little land they managed to recover.

The Guarani’s profound words–which echoes the needs and fears of all Indigenous Peoples in Brazil–both shocked and confused the international community.

Journalists and activists alike mistook the Guarani’s warning to mean that they were going to commit mass suicide if the courts ordered them off the ancestral land.

To be sure, “mass suicide” was simply never an option the Guarani considered. Rather, their plan was mass resistance, to the death.

Fortunately, the community will not have to follow through on their promise unless this latest ruling is overturned or worse, the current land title holder decides to take matters into his own hands. There is alot of precedent in both scenarios, especially when the land in question is Guarani land.


Donald Moeller + requiescat in pace

St. Joseph Cathedral, Sioux Falls
St. Joseph Cathedral, Sioux Falls (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Circle of Hope – Today, 8:59 AM

  our prayers accompanied You

Angela D. about Prison….

Timeline of total number of inmates in U.S. pr...
Timeline of total number of inmates in U.S. prisons, jails, and juvenile facilities. From 1920 to 2006. Data sources: http://www.nationalinstituteofcorrections.gov/Library/015837 http://www.justicepolicy.org/images/upload/00-05_REP_PunishingDecade_AC.pdf http://bjs.ojp.usdoj.gov/index.cfm?ty=pbdetail&iid=908 http://bjs.ojp.usdoj.gov/index.cfm?ty=pbdetail&iid=1006. See also the data sources at File:US incarceration timeline.gif. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Angela Davis on the Prison-Industrial Complex:

COMPETENCE OF DEAF INDIVIDUALS: The Role of Early ASL Learning & Linguistic

English: A Video Interpreter sign used at vide...
English: A Video Interpreter sign used at videophone stations in public places where a Deaf, Hard-Of-Hearing or Speech-Impaired can communicate with a hearing person via a Video Relay Service. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The Role of Early ASL Learning and Linguistic Competence of Deaf Individuals

Posted on October 30, 2012 by jeanfandrews

by Jean F. Andrews (http://deafinprison.wordpress.com)

Map of the USA in ASL (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

American Sign Language (ASL) is seldom learned early by parents of deaf children when the diagnoses of hearing loss occurs. As a result, few deaf children have strong ASL role models in the home. This has important educational implications. But it also has criticaL repercussions when the deaf child grows into a deaf adult and gets caught in the criminal justice system.
In almost all (with the exception of one), cases where I interviewed deaf suspects or inmates, I have found that they had learned ASL after the age of five. Some even learned it later in junior high or high school. Most all had English reading levels of 4th grade or below.
ASL plays a critical role in a deaf individual’s overall linguistic competence in both ASL and in English. When they learn ASL late, this often delays their ability to learn English. Research has shown strong links between later ASL proficiency and English Literacy.


Lack of ASL proficiency also affects their abilities to effectively work with a sign language interpreter in a police, legal or correctional setting.
Part of the problem is that we have few strong ASL/English bilingual Early Childhood Programs so deaf children are delayed in access to ASL. Another part of the problem is that hearing parents are too busy to learn ASL. They work long hours in jobs where they cannot fit in a sign language class. As a result, their deaf child becomes their sign language teacher and this further delays the deaf child’s acquisition of concepts and language structures because they do not have strong ASL linguistic role models.
One solution to helping parents learn ASL is through online ASL classes. With today’s technology, the video quality is quite good and recent research by Dr. Curt Radford, Professor of Deaf Education at Utah State University has shown that online ASL learning is possible. His recent dissertation completed at Lamar University found that university students in the ASL online class did just as well as ASL students in face to face class.


One creative outcome of Dr. Radford’s research is that he has recently developed an online ASL program for parents. It is reasonably priced and available 24/7 for today’s working parent. www.deafed.org
It may seem like a long stretch to connect early ASL acquisition and signing abilities of deaf adults in the criminal justice system who have difficulty understanding sign language interpreters. But the relationship is there. When audiologists, physicians, and educators deny the deaf children and his parents with information on the benefits of ASL as a language, they are not seeing the big picture. Deaf children need English and ASL as early as possible to achieve linguistic competence in both languages. And Dr. Radford’s parent ASL online course as well as other available online resources that achieve this same goal are good places to start.

Jean F. Andrews is a Reading Specialist and Professor of Deaf Studies/Deaf Education at Lamar University.

Published on Sep 29, 2012 by BarackObamadotcom

The last time Margaret Harris voted was in 1928—and the next time will be on November 6, 2012 for President Barack Obama. Margaret always encouraged her family to be educated citizens—a family that includes about 88 grandchildren and great-grandchildren.

She’s seen a lot of change living through World War II and the civil rights era. Now she’s continuing to move forward by making sure President Obama is re-elected while encouraging her family and friends to do the same.

As Margaret shares:

“Being honest is the most important thing—treating everybody right. Barack Obama is honest and I love him for it. I appreciate him. I know he’s looking out for me.”

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Prisoners to Remain …



Prisoners to Remain on Rikers Island As Hurricane Sandy Heads for New York

by Jean Casella and James Ridgeway

At a press conference this afternoon on New York City’s preparations for Hurricane Sandy, Mayor Michael Bloomberg was asked about the safety of prisoners on Rikers Island, which lies near the mouth of Long Island Sound, between Queens and the Bronx. Bloomberg appeared annoyed by the question, and responded somewhat opaquely: “Rikers Island, the land is up where they are and jails are secured.” Apparently unable to fathom that anyone’s main concern would be for the welfare of the more than 12,000 prisoners on Rikers, Bloomberg then reassured listeners: “Don’t worry about anybody getting out.”

The last time a major hurricane was headed for New York–Irene, in August of 2011–Bloomberg gave a similarly terse response to a question about the island prison. “We are not evacuating Rikers,” he declared even as other shoreline communities and City Island were cleared of residents. With little information forthcoming from the New York City Department of Corrections and Rikers left blank on the city’s Evacuation Zone maps, prisoners’ loved ones “were in a panic,” says Lisa Ortega, whose 16-year-old son was being held on Rikers at the time. A story originating on Solitary Watch, “Locked Up and Left Behind,” went viral, and thousands of readers expressed concern or outrage.

This time, the Department of Corrections (if not the Mayor) appears better prepared for inquiries about the status of Rikers in a hurricane. By Saturday, it had proactively posted a notice on its website stating:

Given its elevation, Rikers Island can withstand any storm up to and including a Category 4 hurricane. Rikers Island facilities are NOT in low-lying areas, and therefore like nearby small islands Roosevelt Island and City Island, is not seriously threatened by severe flooding.

The personal safety of New York City Department of Correction (NYCDOC) staff and the inmate population is clearly our top priority and in the highly unlikely event that an evacuation would become necessary, it would occur. The NYCDOC response to an unprecedented disaster of this magnitude would be integrated of course, into a city or region-wide strategy. The City has carefully reviewed Rikers Island, as it has done with the entire city, and no section of Rikers Island facilities are located in Hurricane Evacuation Zone A.

Be assured that NYCDOC staff will remain on Rikers Island and the facility is a fully self-sustaining entity, prepared to operate and care for inmates in an emergency if such an emergency develops.

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My Blog InCaseofInnocence


Framed Twice:
Norman Allen  in New York

 By Arlene Johnson
People easily recognize the name Attica Prison in New York state. Norman Allen was there not because he was guilty but because of his ethnicity. For Norman Allen is an African American.

Here’s the description of the atrocities he underwent while at Attica Prison. “They were hosing us down in our cells with the fire hose in the winter freezing outside and then opening all the windows so we could die. They were jumping on us everyday 10-15 of the 250 pound Hillbilly Rednecks six feet with sticks busting our heads open. They were hanging brothers in their cells just outright murdering us.

This is not what somebody told me; this is what I witnessed okay. I was there in it. They stole our property, ripped up our personal family pictures; I’m talking about some real…

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