Fear of a Fat Planet: Nearly a Third of the World Population Is Now Overweight

r of a Fat Planet: Nearly a Third of the World Population Is Now Overweight

A new study shows the scale of the global obesity crisis.

The Global Obesity Crisis: Nearly a Third of the World Population Is Now Overweight

(Photo:BSIP/UIG via Getty Images)

 

 

 

 

May 30, 2014

There are 1.35 billion people living in China, another 1.23 billion living in India. The world’s two most populous nations are each home to a crush of humanity that’s almost impossible to comprehend. But those numbers pale next to the overweight people who live in the world today—2.1 billion, or nearly a third of the world’s population.

The numbers come from a study published yesterday in the journal The Lancet. Researchers looked at 1,700 studies from 188 countries conducted between 1988 and 2013 in order to come up with a comprehensive view of what’s a truly global obesity epidemic.

However, it wasn’t North America—where Mexico and the United States have vied for the title of the fattest nation in the world—that registered the highest obesity rate. Rather, the Middle East and North Africa are the worst; nearly 60 percent of men and 65 percent of women are too heavy. The study says the U.S. is home to 13 percent of the world’s overweight population, the highest percentage of any country.

The sky-high rates in North Africa and the Middle East may come as a shock in the West, where public health stories from the Arab-speaking world can’t break through the wall of coverage of American invasions, oil, revolution, civil war, and military coups. If anything, most of the region borders the Mediterranean, which is most famous in dieting circles as a way to eat a healthy diet heavy in plants, seafood, and the occasional glass of red wine. Even if there’s less wine consumed with dinner in these predominately Muslim countries, they still consume a whole lot of olive oil. But the red flags have been flying for decades, however, and a combination of urbanization, globalization, and regional cultural norms has created a massive public health crisis.

In 2001, a study published in The Journal of Nutrition looked at the obesity rates in Morocco and Tunisia and found that while their governments were still working to address issues of malnutrition and micronutrient deficiencies, the waistlines of women in both countries were expanding at an unhealthy rate. Public health officials were doing little at the time to address the problem, according to the researchers, “especially since female fatness is viewed as a sign of social status and is a cultural symbol of beauty, fertility and prosperity.” With more people living in urban areas, where processed foods were cheap and easily accessible, issues like malnutrition were steadily being alleviated. But the study goes on to say that, “Western culinary influences lead to new consumption patterns, which affect dietary habits and even the rhythm of consumption.” The study continues, “These new dietary habits have created conditions for chronic diseases like obesity and diabetes to take hold.”

Elsewhere in the region, especially in oil-rich countries, diet trends have followed a similar course. In Saudi Arabia, meat consumption increased by 500 percent between 1973 and 1980, according to a 2011 article in The Journal of Obesity. Changes weren’t as dramatic in less wealthy nations, but the same paper notes that people in Jordan nearly doubled how much meat they ate over the same period, and that the percentage of calories consumed as fat by children in Lebanon increased from 24 percent to 34 percent between 1963 and 1998.

Wealth and development can change diet and health by increasing the amount of meat used in regional cuisines—but American-style dining also seems to crop up in emerging markets around the world, and the Middle East in no exception. Just as global fashion brands and, more recently (and disastrously), institutions like New York University, have tried to catch some of the shimmer of the Gulf’s oil wealth, so have fast-food companies.

This $1,000 McDonald’s-Inspired Dress Is About More Than Income Inequality

“Demand for fast casual dining, which includes the more traditional fast-food chains such as McDonald’s as well as the table service brands like IHOP, is growing amid a rise in disposable income, extravagant shopping malls, and a seemingly unquenchable appetite for Western food concepts,” reads a 2012 trend story on the website Arabian Business. The article cites a study from the research firm Euromonitor that predicts the fast-casual dining in the United Arab Emirates will expand from $6.4 billion in 2011 to $8.7 billion in 2015. Burger chains are expected to propel the boom.

And just as meat consumption has increased across the region, so has the saturation of fast-food brands. The trade website Food Business Africa points out that the demographics across the Middle East and North Africa present an ideal market for fast-food companies: Huge populations of young people who have “grown up eating processed foods and dining in Western-style fast-food restaurants and coffee shops.” For the youth in this region—and around the world, for that matter—drive-through hamburgers are as much of a birthright as for kids in the U.S.

American-style fast food is no longer a foreign novelty, and neither is American-style obesity.

REDEMPTION! What You should know! Shelter killing is the leading cause of death for healthy dogs & cats in the United States!

movieposterweb-ad96a08897265deab301c4eb49de5c8cN

Nathan J. Winograd

Mai 8 um 6:46 PM

Join us for a documentary film about the No Kill revolution in America. Coming to a city near you. Click on the links for tickets:

•Albuquerque, NM: http://bit.ly/1imaROu

•Atlanta, GA: http://bit.ly/1ktZuos

•Austin, TX: http://bit.ly/1m8chgh

•Boston, MA: http://bit.ly/1jI8oxB

•Charlotte, NC: http://bit.ly/1m8dILE

•Chicago, IL: http://bit.ly/P3f7qG

•Denver, CO: http://bit.ly/1nosnCi

•Fayetteville, AR: http://bit.ly/Qnt83o

•Ft. Lauderdale, FL: http://bit.ly/1iTYFkE

•Louisville (Shelbyville), KY: http://bit.ly/1hRMdRl
•Minneapolis, MN: http://bit.ly/1kXtdsN

•Norfolk, VA: http://bit.ly/PM8Qjx

•Phoenix, AZ: http://bit.ly/Q9Yk6B

•Pittsburgh, PA: http://bit.ly/QM7eqK

•Sacramento, CA: http://bit.ly/1qEtiAu

•San Francisco (Palo Alto), CA: http://bit.ly/1t5s97k

•Troy, MI: http://conta.cc/1iUoIcP

•Washington, D.C.: http://bit.ly/1qYvkKg

The film will be followed in most cities by a workshop on building a No Kill community and others with an after party. Check on the links for more details. Coming soon: Buffalo, NY, Cleveland, OH, Las Vegas, NV, Los Angeles, CA, Modesto, CA, Nashville, TN, New York, NY, Seattle, WA, and Tallahassee, FL.

•To watch the trailer, click here.

•For more information about the film, click here.

—————-

P.S. 99% of the film is uplifting and while a small number of images may be difficult, they are not gratuitous. While we expect people who see it will experience a range of emotions, the primary ones they will come away with are hope, inspiration, empowerment, and well, redemption. In short, it is safe for animal lovers to watch.

No Kill Advocacy Center | 6114 La Salle Ave. #837 | Oakland CA 94611
http://www.nokilladvocacycenter.org | facebook.com/nokilladvocacycenter

Calendar of events for World Day 2014

Calendar of events for World Day 2014

Article by World Coalition Against the Death Penalty published on August 19th, 2014

On 10 October 2014, the 12th World Day Against the Death Penalty is drawing attention to people with mental health problems who are at risk of a death sentence or execution. Browse the schedule and the map to prepare and promote the events planned around the world on the big day.

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“s´ist Krieg! ´s ist Krieg!” Kriegslied Matthias Claudius

Schrecken des Krieges von Goya

Kriegslied (Matthias Claudius)

‘s ist Krieg! ‘s ist Krieg!
O Gottes Engel wehre,
Und rede Du darein!
‘s ist leider Krieg –
und ich begehre
Nicht schuld daran zu sein!

Was sollt ich machen, wenn im Schlaf mit Grämen
Und blutig, bleich und blaß,
Die Geister der Erschlagenen zu mir kämen,
Und vor mir weinten, was?

Wenn wackre Männer, die sich Ehre suchten,
Verstümmelt und halb tot
Im Staub sich vor mir wälzten und mir fluchten
In ihrer Todesnot?

Wenn tausend tausend Väter, Mütter, Bräute,
So glücklich vor dem Krieg,
Nun alle elend, alle arme Leute,
Wehklagten über mich?

Wenn Hunger, böse Seuch und ihre Nöten
Freund, Freund und Feind ins Grab
Versammelten und mir zu Ehren krähten
Von einer Leich herab?

Was hülf mir Kron und Land und Gold und Ehre?
Die könnten mich nicht freun!
‘s ist leider Krieg – und ich begehre
Nicht schuld daran zu sein!

 

Das Kriegslied mit den berühmten Anfangsworten „’s ist Krieg!“ ist ein Gedicht von Matthias Claudius aus dem Jahr 1774. Es erschien im vierten Band des ASMUS omnia sua SECUM portans.

Young Souls in Prison

Originally posted on Children in Prison WHY THEY ARE THERE?:

Juvenile In Justice

The [Justice] Short List 8-22-14

FINALcell
[Highlights from the week's juvenile justice and justice related articles, videos and more that are worth your time.]

ROOM FOR DEBATE: Young Souls, Dark Deeds

The New York Times has a new topic in their excellent Room for Debate section: whether or not it is justifiable to try preteens as adults. We hear from voices we may be more familiar with—big players from the Sentencing Project and the Campaign for Youth Justice—as well as others our advocacy may limit us from hearing as clearly, specifically leaders of the National Organization of Victims of Juvenile Murderers.

READ MORE: http://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2014/08/18/young-souls-dark-deeds

The Horrific Risk Of Gun Violence For Black Kids In America, In 4 Charts

You need to read this article: “Black children and teens are twice as likely to be killed by guns as by cars, while…

View original 202 more words

“SYMPATHY” P.L. Sunbar

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SYMPATHY

I know what the caged bird feels, alas!

When the sun is bright on the upland slopes;

When the wind stirs soft through springing grass,

And the river flows like a stream of glass;

When the first bird sings and the first bud opes,

And the faint perfume from its chalice steals –

I know what the caged bird feels!

I know why the caged bird beats his wing,

Till its blood is red on the cruel bars;

For he must fly back to his perch and cling

When he fain would be on the bough a-swing;

And a pain still throbs in the old, old scars

And they pulse again with a keener sting –

I know why he beats his wing!

I know why the caged bird sings, ah me,

When  his wing is bruised and his bosom sere –

When he beats his bars and he would be free;

It is not a carol  of joy or glee,

But a prayer that he sends from his heart´s deep core,

But a plea, that upward to heaven he flings –

I know why the caged bird sings!

 

Paul Laurence Dunbar (1872-1906)

Son of two runaway slaves

A Look Inside Nevada’s Death Row with a Federal Defense/Nevada’s Death Row

1. A look inside Nevada’s death row with a federal defense

Fri Aug 22, 2014 17:27

78.35.99.80

http://disc.yourwebapps.com/discussion.cgi?id=219621;article=58500
By Ana Ley
Friday, Aug. 22, 2014 | 2 a.m.

For decades, Michael Pescetta has sought to help dozens of defendants facing Nevada’s often imposed yet seldom used death penalty.

And in a state with a per capita death penalty rate that ranks fourth in the country — topping states like Texas and California, according to the nonprofit Death Penalty Information Center — he keeps busy.

Pescetta, an assistant federal public defender in Las Vegas who specializes in capital punishment cases, is often a final resort for inmates who have exhausted their options at the state level to appeal a death penalty conviction. Today, his office represents more than half of the 83 men sitting on death row.

Capital punishment has faced scrutiny nationwide in recent months after drug experimentation apparently led to a series of botched executions in three states. The topic should gain even more traction in the Silver State as officials scramble to assemble a mandated legislative audit of the state death penalty by Jan. 31, 2015.

Pescetta chatted with the Sun this week about the death penalty. His answers have been edited for brevity and clarity.

Q. How many inmates has Nevada executed since it began carrying out the death penalty in 1976?

A. One person was involuntarily executed in 1996. His name was Richard Moran — he was a client of mine. He had multiple murders during a period in which he was heavily under the influence of alcohol and drugs, and his case went very quickly through the system.

Another 11 were all volunteers — that is, people who gave up any further appeals and asked to be executed.

The first person executed in Nevada was Jesse Bishop — he was executed in 1979, and he was a volunteer. He committed the offenses in 1977, and he was executed in under two years from the date of the offenses.

Why do people volunteer for the death penalty?

People often start out suicidal. They ask the police to shoot them. It’s like a slow version of suicide by cop.

And most people on death row have mental health issues.

What does death row in Nevada physically look like? How does it differ from a normal prison setting in the state?

Nevada’s death row is at Ely State Prison, a maximum security facility.

In the general population at Ely, there are two to a cell, at most, unless someone is being disciplined.

Capital punishment inmates are all put into single cells.

In these maximum security institutions, contact with other inmates is limited. Most people in there spend 23 hours a day in a cell. This is not like being out in the yard with other inmates.

It’s much more controlled, regimented.

Nevada hasn’t executed anyone since 2006, and the issue of botched executions in Ohio, Oklahoma and Arizona in recent months could lead to more scrutiny about the process locally. How prepared is the state to execute someone again?

The execution protocol in effect in 2006 was what they call a three-drug “cocktail.”

It’s sodium thiopental, which is an anaesthetic; pancuronium bromide, which is a paralytic; and potassium chloride, which is what stops the heart.

All of those drugs, if the state has them at the time, have a shelf life that we would be past now. And as I understand, the execution protocol in effect at the time was that the state got the drugs for the execution when the execution was pending. They did not keep those drugs on hand.

Sodium thiopental is no longer readily available for executions. And that’s why in the recent executions in Arizona and Ohio and Oklahoma, they have been using different drugs — sometimes one drug, sometimes two drugs — but they’re essentially experimenting.

The number of drugs available for this purpose and the willingness of manufacturers and suppliers to supply them is very different now than it used to be.

So, at this point the question of what kind of execution protocol the Nevada Department of Corrections would use if an execution were scheduled is unknown.

The old protocol specified these three drugs that had traditionally been used.

Where do most death penalty cases originate in Nevada? Is it significant that the state’s per capita ratio is relatively high compared with other places?

No other county in the state has as many death penalty cases as Clark County. There probably aren’t more than three or four in the entire rest of the state.

The ratio of death row inmates to lawyers is significantly high. We have such a small bar compared to bigger states — there’s less legal talent available to do criminal work. ​

http://lasvegassun.com/news/2014/aug/22/q-look-inside-nevadas-death-row-federal-defense-at/

 

2. Nevada’s Death Row

Posted: Dec 28, 2000 9:41 PM Updated: Dec 28, 2000 9:51 PM

George Knapp’s Street Talk Led by Award-winning investigative reporter George Knapp, the Eyewitness News I-TEAM is the top television investigative unit in southern Nevada. Political expert Jon Ralston provides insight into local and state government, and former Mayor Jan Jones adds an insider’s viewer of City Hall. I-TEAM photographer Eric Sorenson rounds out this first-class investigative unit.

More than 80 convicted killers live on Nevada’s death row. They’re in the state prison in Ely, called by some the toughest prison in America. George Knapp of the I-Team was allowed a rare visit inside the prison and inside death row.

There we were, wandering around in a room full of convicted killers.                                   But there was plenty of firepower behind us, and according to prison officials, the men on death row are probably the best-behaved cons in the whole joint.

The dozens of men housed on Nevada’s death row live in cells identical to those of all the other prisoners. If they have money, they can buy their own TVs. They get let out into the communal room in small groups to play cards or socialize. Their small exercise yard is the only place in the prison you’ll see free weights.

Ely Warden E. K. McDaniel says: “I don’t believe in them doing weights, giving people equipment to beat us up with.”

Of the 1,000 inmates at Ely, nearly half are kept in some sort of segregated custody.                                   A child killer like Jeremy Strohmeyer is kept separate because his crime would invite violence from other inmates.                                   Convicted killer Pat McKenna, who escaped twice from the old max prison in Carson City and once led a takeover of the Las Vegas jail, is technically a death row inmate but is kept completely isolated in the darkest bowels of supermax.

Convicts are sent to Ely for only a few reasons: either because they’ve been sentenced to death, or are doing a long stretch of time, or if they’re a behavior problem elsewhere.                                   Strangely, the death row cons are perhaps the best behaved here.

McDaniel says: “They’re the least problematic group in the facility. Most spend their time on how to get out from under the death sentence.”

When McDaniel was asked whether the death row inmates are the best behaved, he answered: “I wouldn’t say that, but they’re easier to manage. They have everything to gain, everything to lose.”

When a high profile inmate like Strohmeyer arrives in prison, the cons know about it. The typical inmate is nervous when he gets here but often puts up a front.

McDaniel says: “Put up a facade like they’re a tough guy. Most are nervous, people who’ve done a lot of time, ‘life on the installment plan,’ I call it. ‘How’s it going? I’m back from vacation.'”

Inmates who behave themselves can eventually be permitted jobs, such as making draperies. The prison isn’t really interested in rehabilitation. The higher priority is to protect the public and the staff. Inmates come third.

There has never been an escape from Ely, although Pat McKenna once plotted to bust out of death row. McDaniel credits his staff, which is constantly training.                                   The warden says an officer is much preferable to high tech whiz-bang measures.

“Nothing will replace the eyes and ears of a corrections officer sitting in a tower,” McDaniel says. “C ameras, video equipment, those are great, but I’d rather have an officer on watch 24 hours a day.”

The warden says the biggest security problem at the prison comes from visitors trying to smuggle in contraband. We found out there’s a pretty thorough search when you enter the place. But they try all sorts of ways, especially the mail.

Yes, I asked whether they allow the delivery of cakes to inmates. The answer is no.

 

America Keeps People Poor on Purpose: A Timeline of Choices We’ve Made to Increase Inequality

America Keeps People Poor on Purpose: A Timeline of Choices We’ve Made to Increase Inequality

YES! Editors

YES! Magazine / Political Image http://www.nationofchange.org/america-keeps-people-poor-purpose-timeline-choices-we-ve-made-increase-inequality-1408717387

Published: Friday 22 August 2014

This is how corporate control took over our economy. Sad, but true.

A Night in Ferguson: Rubber Bullets, Tear Gas, and a Jail Cell

A Night in Ferguson: Rubber Bullets, Tear Gas, and a Jail Cell

By 19 Aug 2014, 4:59 PM EDT 243 Share this article
Featured photo - A Night in Ferguson: Rubber Bullets, Tear Gas, and a Jail Cell The author, detained by a St. Louis County Police Department tactical team Tuesday morning, explains to an officer how to turn off his digital recorder. Photo: David Carson/St Louis Post Dispatch/Polaris

Late Monday evening, after many of the major media outlets covering the protests in Ferguson, Mo., had left the streets to broadcast from their set-ups near the police command center, heavily armed officers raced through suburban streets in armored vehicles, chasing demonstrators, launching tear gas on otherwise quiet residential lanes, and shooting at journalists. …

https://firstlook.org/theintercept/2014/08/19/ferguson/